Design for Reconciliation: Co-designing a Peaceful Future in Post-conflict Zones in Colombia

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Hernan Perez Molano
Farly León Maz
Luis Marmolejo Rebellón
Jairo Rodríguez López
Claudia Grisales
Stan Ruecker
Fabio Fajardo Tolosa

Abstract

We consider the means by which the process of co-design can contribute to reconciliation among the various groups in a post-conflict zone. We propose that through collaboration to achieve a shared outcome, people find themselves in close physical, mental, and emotional proximity. Building a prototype together can also produce a sense of closeness through the shared artifact, which is itself a tangible reminder that cooperation can result in mutual benefit. In that sense, the co-design process serves as a metaphor for the larger process of reconciliation. To ground our discussion, we reference a two-week meeting of 85 people at the International Development Design Summit ‘Building Peace, Reconciliation through co-creation’, which took place six months after the unilateral disarmament of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia. One of the designated territorial spaces for training and reincorporation, located near the village of El Capricho in the department of Guaviare, was the venue where former combatants hosted this Summit. We approach the design process using the Creative Capacity Building (CCB) methodology, which promotes design by the intended beneficiaries and users.

Article Details

How to Cite
Perez Molano, H., León Maz, F., Marmolejo Rebellón, L., Rodríguez López, J., Grisales, C., Ruecker, S., & Fajardo Tolosa, F. (2018). Design for Reconciliation: Co-designing a Peaceful Future in Post-conflict Zones in Colombia. Diseña, (13), 140-173. https://doi.org/10.7764/disena.13.140-173
Section
Original articles
Author Biographies

Hernan Perez Molano, Universidad Nacional de Colombia

BA in Music, Universidad El Bosque. MA in Music and Musicology, Université Paris-Sorbonne. His works focuses in social innovation, social appropriation of knowledge, citizen innovation, ethnomusicology, and expanded arts. He coordinates the Social Innovation program at Universidad Nacional de Colombia (Bogotá).

Farly León Maz, Universidad Nacional de Colombia

Bachelor in Physics, Universidad Distrital Francisco José de Caldas. MA Candidate, Exact and Natural Sciences Teaching. She works on socio-physics, education, and social innovation. She manages the internal and external relations of the Universidad Nacional de Colombia (Bogotá).

Luis Marmolejo Rebellón, Universidad del Valle

Sanitary Engineer, Universidad del Valle. MA in Health Administration, Universidad del Valle. D. Eng., Universidad del Valle. He is Associate Professor in the School of Engineering of Natural Resources and the Environment at Universidad del Valle. His research is related to environmental health, solid waste management, and social engineering. Some of his most recent publications are: ‘A Systematic Approach to Evaluate Parameter Consistency in the Inlet Stream of Source Separated Biowaste Composting Facilities: A Case Study in Colombia’ (with E. Oviedo Ocana et al., Waste Management, Vol. 62) and ‘A Qualitative Model to Evaluate Biowaste Composting Management Using Causal Diagram: A Case Study in Colombia’ (with E. Oviedo Ocana et al., Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol. 133).

Jairo Rodríguez López, Universidad Nacional de Colombia

Licenciado en Física, Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Magíster en Física, Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Doctor en Física, Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Es Decano de la Facultad de Ciencias de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Sus intereses de investigación abarcan la física de partículas, la innovación social y la educación. Es co-autor de “First Observation of the Decay B s 0 → K S 0 K(892)0 at LHCb” (Journal of High Energy Physics, vol. 12) y “Study of the Production of and Hadrons in pp Collisions and First Measurement of the Branching Fraction” (Chinese Physics C, vol. 40, n.° 1).

Claudia Grisales, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign

BA in Physics, Universidad Nacional de Colombia. PhD student in Informatics, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign. Her research interests are design, technology and society, education and social appropriation of knowledge, and community involvement in the design process for the construction of common futures. She is co-author of “Preparation of Graphite Conductive Paint and its Application to the Construction of RC Circuits on Paper” (with N. Herrera and F. Fajardo, Physics Education, Vol. 51, N° 5).

Stan Ruecker, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign

BA in English and BS c in Computer Science, University of Regina. MA in English, University of Toronto. MD es in Visual Communication Design, University of Alberta. PhD in English and Art & Design with a specialization in Humanities Computing, University of Alberta. He is Anthony J. Petullo Professor in Graphic Design in the School of Art and Design at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign. His research is in the areas of experience design, design theory, design for health, and digital humanities. Some of his most recent publications include: ‘Activating Interpretation: Experience Design in the Humanities’ (with J. Roberts-Smith, in Making Humanities Matter, University of Minnesota Press, 2018) and ‘Four Criteria for Design Theories’ (with P. Hodges, C. Scaletsky, J. Rivera, R. Faller, and A. Geppert, She Ji, Vol. 3, N° 1).

Fabio Fajardo Tolosa, Universidad Nacional de Colombia

BA in Physics, Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Electrical Engineer, Universidad Distrital Francisco José de Caldas. MA in Physics, Universidade Estadual de Campinas. PhD in Physics, Universidade Estadual de Campinas. He is Professor in the Physics Department at Universidad Nacional de Colombia. He leads the Research Group in Physics Education. He researches low cost technologies, human centered design, and Physics education. Some of his most recent publications are: ‘Preparation of Graphite Conductive Paint and its Application to the Construction of RC Circuits on Paper’ (with C. Grisales and N. Herrera, Physics Education, Vol. 51, N° 5) and ‘Production and Structural, Electrical and Magnetic Characterization of a Composite Material Based on Powdered Magnetite and High-density Polyethylene’ (with A. Garzon, D. Landínez, J. Roa-Rojas, G. Peña Rodríguez, and C. Parra Vargas, Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas Físicas y Naturales, Vol. 41, N° 159).